John 4:1-15 LIVING WATER
our text today Jesus encounters a woman of
offers to give her Living Water. This is water which Jesus said
would spring up into everlasting life. Jesus makes this same
offer to all men everywhere through the preaching of the gospel.
I. Jesus returning to Galilee
V. 1, "When therefore the Lord knew how the Pharisees had
heard that Jesus made and baptized more disciples than John--."
Jesus was in
baptizing those who professed to believe in Him as their Savior.
Our text says that He was baptizing more disciples than John the
Baptist. This means that He had a considerable number of
disciples there in
V. 2, "--(Though Jesus himself baptized not, but his
disciples,)--." This verse says that Jesus did not personally
baptize anyone. Rather His disciples baptized for Him. The
original Greek writing makes it even clearer that His disciples
were actually doing the baptizing.
V. 3, "He left
Jesus was born in
Satan He returned briefly to
Then on His first trip back to
ministry started He cleansed the temple, witnessed to Nicodemus
and spent considerable time out in the
rural area near the
River preaching and baptizing. Now He starts back to
The apparent reason that He returned to
time was the jealousy which the Jewish leaders had because they
heard about Him baptizing lots of people. In fact, they had
heard that Jesus was baptizing more disciples than John the
Baptist. That would be a matter of great concern to the Jewish
leaders. They would be very disturbed at this news and were apt
to cause Jesus trouble very soon if He remained in this region.
Therefore Jesus decided to put some distance between Himself
and the members of the Sanhedrin Council
the Jewish leaders. So He moved completely out of the district
where the Sanhedrin exercised a great deal of influence over the
Roman governor. He moved into the district of Galilee where
Herod the tetrarch was in power. Herod, himself, was not very
favorable toward Jesus, but, at least, he was not so much under
the influence of the Jewish
II. His stop at Jacob's well
V. 4, "And he must needs go through
that territory which lay between
on the north. It was a territory which was inhabited by the
descendants of Ephraim. I say that they were descendants of
Ephraim. They were, at least, partially descended from Ephraim.
brought in to indwell the land. In time, the foreigners had
intermarried with the few Israelites left in the land and the
result was a half-breed people. They had some Hebrew blood and
some foreign Gentile blood.
They had likewise developed a half-breed religion. Most of
them came to worship the God of the Jews, but they worshipped
more like Gentiles Jews.
little to do with them. They traded with them, but had little
else to do with them.
Jesus decided to leave
shortest route for Him to take was through
have taken the long way around and avoided
have crossed over to the east side of the
Then after getting past
back over to the west side of the
chose to travel through
wanting to go through
offer everlasting life to a particular
V. 5, "Then cometh he to a city of
Sychar, near to the parcel of ground that Jacob gave to his son
Joseph." In His travels toward Galilee through Samaria, Jesus
stopped near a city which was at that time called, Sychar.
Sychar was called "Shechim" in the Old Testament. Jacob and his
son Isaac had lived near Shechim at one time.
V. 6, "Now Jacob's well was there..." Jacob had dug several
wells in his struggles with the inhabitants of the land. One of
those wells still existed during the days of Jesus. It has been
said that it was dug down through rock to a depth of about 100
(V. 6), "...Jesus therefore, being wearied with his journey,
sat thus on the well: and it was about the sixth hour." Jesus
stopped at that well and sat on the curbing at the surface and
rested. It was about the sixth hour of their day. That means it
was about our time. It was time for the meal.
Jesus sat alone on the well resting while His disciples went into
Sychar to buy food.
III. His encounter with the Samaritan woman
V. 7, "There cometh a woman of
There is no way for us to know how many times this same woman had
come to this well to draw water. Over several years, she had
probably been to this same well hundreds of times to draw water.
If she followed the usual custom, and she probably did, she would
not normally appear at the well until near evening time.
However, for some reason, she was early this time. Perhaps she
had used up her supply of water at her home and she was more or
less forced into coming early this day to the well.
(V. 7), "...Jesus saith unto her, Give me to drink." I can
imagine the scene as she approached the well. Jesus was sitting
at a place that would be somewhat in her way. She must have
eye-balled Him in a way that indicated that she wanted Him to
move aside so that she could draw some water. I take it that it
was as He politely moved aside that He spoke to her and asked her
to give Him a drink of water.
V. 8, "(For his disciples were gone away unto the city to buy
meat.)" It appears that they had left
rush and had not taken time to get the food that they would need
on the journey and so the disciple had gone into the city to buy
food. Neither had they brought a bucket or jar with which to
draw water. So Jesus had been sitting there on the well where
water was available, but He had not water to drink. I can only
imagine that He was plenty thirst after a long walk.
The Samaritan woman was taken by complete surprise that He
spoke to her at all. V. 9, "Then saith the woman of
him, How is it that thou, being a Jew, askest drink of me, which
am a woman of
Samaritans." It does not seem to me that the woman resented
Jesus speaking to her. Rather she was just surprised that He
would speak to her. Most Jews hated the Samaritans and would
have no dealings with them whatsoever except for business
matters. It may also be true that most of the Samaritans hated
the Jews with equal passion. However, this woman did not seem to
feel that way. She was just surprised that He would have
anything to do with her. She was surprised that He would speak
to her. She was especially surprised that He would ask her to
give Him a drink.
IV. His offer to give her Living Water
V. 10, "Jesus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the
gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink;
thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have given thee
living water." Jesus did not answer her question. Rather He
introduced to her the idea that He was not so much interested in
what she could do for Him. What He was really interested in was
what He could do for her. He said that if she had understood who
He is that she would have asked Him to give her a drink of living
water. Listen, if any unsaved person could understand just who
Jesus is and what Jesus can do for him, he would not hesitate to
ask Jesus to save his soul.
In the first place, it is difficult for the unsaved person to
realize just how horrible hell really is. It is hard to even
imagine how great the pain is in those flames. It is hard to
imagine how the suffering becomes more intense as the seconds and
minutes and days and months and years go by. It is hard to
imagine how hard it will to be to endure that kind of suffering
for hundreds --- even millions of years. It is hard to realize
just how much Jesus is offers to do for a man by saving a him and
keeping him out of hell.
It is hard to realize how exceedingly wonderful it would be
to go to heaven. If anyone did understand just what is involved
in staying out of hell and going to heaven, he would not hesitate
one second to ask Jesus to give him that living water which
brings everlasting life.
V. 11, "The woman saith unto him, Sir, thou hast nothing to
draw with, and the well is deep: from whence then hast thou that
living water?" The woman did not even understand what Jesus was
talking about when He used the term "Living Water." She must
have thought that He was talking about "running water" as in
contrast to "stagnant water."
She thought He was talking about drawing water out of Jacob's
well and giving her a drink of literal water. She thought He was
talking about the kind of water that one would need a bucket or
jar in order to draw it out of the well.
But what Jesus was talking about was the salvation of the
soul. He was talking about the same thing to her that He was
talking about to Nicodemus. He was talking about entering into
the Kingdom of God. He was talking about not perishing. He was
talking about not going into the fires of hell. He was talking
about going to heaven. He was talking about everlasting life.
The woman still did not understand. V. 12, "Art thou greater
than our father Jacob, which gave us the well, and drank thereof
himself, and his children, and his cattle?" She knew that He had
no bucket nor jar nor rope to use in drawing water out of Jacob's
well and so she thought He would have to work some kind of
miracle to get the water out of that deep well without a bucket.
She did not know it, but if that had been what Jesus was talking
about, He was well able to get that water out of the well.
She thought that He would have to be greater than Jacob if He
could get the water out of that well without a bucket. What she
did not know, is that He is greater than Jacob. He is far
greater than Jacob.
Jesus now begins to explain to her that He is not talking
about literal water out of Jacob's well. He is not talking about
literal water from any source. He is talking about spiritual
water. V. 13-14, "Jesus answered and said unto her, Whosoever
drinketh of this water shall thirst again: But whosoever drinketh
of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst..."
Listen, anybody who drinks literal water will thirst again.
The water may quench his thirst for the moment, but it will not
be long until he is thirsty all over again. It will happen over
and over again. He can repeatedly drink and quench his thirst,
but he will still thirst again.
But when one repents of his sin and calls upon Jesus and
trusts Jesus to save his soul, his thirst for salvation is
quenched and never needs to be quenched again.
The obvious reason that he will never need his thirst
quenched again is that he will never thirst again. He will
never thirst again for salvation because he will never be lost
again. He will never be condemned again. He will never be on
the road to hell again.
(V. 14), "...but the water that I shall give him shall be in
him a well of water springing up into everlasting life." When he
drinks of the Living Water he is born again. He is born from
above. He is born again by the Holy Spirit of God. He receives
a completely new life in his inner spirit. His inner spirit
receives a new life that is from the Holy Spirit of God. This
new life will never come to an end. It is everlasting. He is
saved and he is saved with an everlasting salvation.
V. The request for living water
V. 15, "The woman saith unto him, Sir, give me this water,
that I thirst not, neither come hither to draw." This woman
still did not completely understand just what Jesus was talking
about. But she did ask for that new life which Jesus was
offering. She asked for the living water that springs up into
I may be talking to somebody here this morning who needs to
do the same thing. I may be talking to somebody who needs to
call on Jesus here today and ask Jesus for the Living Water.
There may be somebody here today who needs to be saved.
If there is anybody here today who is unsaved let me say to
you that Jesus is making you an offer. If you will ask of Him,
He will give you the same kind of Living Water that He offered to
that woman. Jesus is offering to save your soul.
If you could fully understand just how great the torments of
hell really are and just how great the joys of heaven really are,
then you would not hesitate one split second to call on Jesus and
ask Him to save your.
I am going to call upon you now and ask you to look to Jesus
and talk to Jesus and to put your destiny in His hands. Will you
take Him at His word and trust Him to save you? Will you do that